CSA PAKISTAN

Climate change myth or reality

Qudrat Ullah, Fatima Batool, Irfan Hidri

Departmental of Environmental Sciences

Government College University Faisalabad

Introduction:

Climate change is a major environmental issue that has become a topic of global concern over the past few decades. Unfortunately, there are several myths surrounding the topic that can lead to confusion and even inaction (Mazur, 1998; Mitra, Banerjee, Sengupta, & Gangopadhyay, 2009).

We will examine some of the most prevalent myths about climate change in this blog and eliminate them using facts.

Myth #1: Climate change is a natural process, and human activities have little to no impact on it.

The use of fossil fuels in particular is widely acknowledged by scientists to be the main driver of climate change. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says there is “unequivocal evidence” that people have affected the climate system. Carbon dioxide and methane, two greenhouse gases released by the burning of fossil fuels, trap heat and warm the planet. Since the industrial revolution, the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has increased by about 40%, which is a direct effect of human activity (Chen et al., 2013; Rockström et al., 2009; Wei, Cai, Ni, & Zhan, 2020).

Myth #2: Climate change is not happening because there are still cold winters and snowstorms.

Climate change, as opposed to short-term weather occurrences, refers to changes in the long-term average of weather patterns. True, there are still cold winters and snowstorms, but overall they are becoming less common and less severe. Additionally, there is an increase in the frequency and severity of extreme weather phenomena like heat waves, droughts, and floods. The projections of climate models and the scientific consensus on climate change are both supported by these changes in weather patterns (Francis & Hengeveld, 1998; Hansen, Sato, & Ruedy, 2012; Schuldt & Roh, 2014).

Myth #3: The Earth has gone through periods of warming and cooling before, so this is just another natural cycle.

Although there have been times of warming and cooling on Earth in the past, the current rate of warming is unheard of in recorded history. The rate of warming exceeds what would be predicted only from natural climatic cycles. The use of fossil fuels, in particular, is the main driver of the current warming trend, according to the scientific community (Arneth et al., 2010; Ravelo, Andreasen, Lyle, Olivarez Lyle, & Wara, 2004; Singer, 2006).

Myth #4: The climate has always been changing, so there is no need to worry about it now.        

Although it’s true that the climate has always changed, things are changing much more quickly now than they have in the past. A lot of species may go extinct because the rate of change is greater than their capacity for adaptation. Furthermore, the consequences of climate change, such as intensified wildfires, rising sea levels, frequent and intense heat waves, and floods, can have a significant detrimental effect on the economy and society (Jump & Peñuelas, 2005; Quintero & Wiens, 2013).

Myth #5: Renewable energy is too expensive and unreliable to replace fossil fuels.

The cost of renewable energy, such as wind and solar power, has decreased significantly in recent years, and it is now often cheaper than fossil fuels in many parts of the world. In addition, advances in energy storage technology have made renewable energy more reliable and practical for use in power grids. According to a report by the International Renewable Energy Agency, renewable energy could provide 90% of the world’s electricity by 2050 at the current rate of deployment (Darwish & Al-Dabbagh, 2020; Gielen et al., 2019; Leonard, Michaelides, & Michaelides, 2020; Shahzad, 2012).

In conclusion, climate change is a serious problem that has to be addressed immediately. It’s imperative to dispel these widespread misconceptions in order to comprehend the gravity of the issue and take the necessary steps to lessen its effects. We can contribute to addressing the issue of climate change and ensuring a livable planet for future generations by switching to renewable energy, lowering greenhouse gas emissions, and putting sustainable practises into practise.

References:

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Chen, H., Zhu, Q., Peng, C., Wu, N., Wang, Y., Fang, X., . . . Tian, J. (2013). The impacts of climate change and human activities on biogeochemical cycles on the Q inghai‐T ibetan P lateau. Global Change Biology, 19(10), 2940-2955.

Darwish, A. S., & Al-Dabbagh, R. (2020). Wind energy state of the art: present and future technology advancements. Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability, 5, 7.

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Wei, X., Cai, S., Ni, P., & Zhan, W. (2020). Impacts of climate change and human activities on the water discharge and sediment load of the Pearl River, southern China. Scientific reports, 10(1), 16743.